Monday, March 24, 2014

Basic Camera Settings: What You Should Know About Your Camera

Cameras are available with various functions. Each camera brand has different setting from another. However, the general setting is approximately similar. This article offers information on basic camera settings. The first setting is automatic setting. It is default and all-purpose setting used by camera user 90% of the time. Automatic setting might be the only mode available on simpler camera or one among few settings available. The setting can be indicated by the word Auto, a green outlined box, or an icon of a camera.

By using automatic mode, you are able to grab your shots while the camera does all the works including the aperture used, the shutter speed, ISO sensitivity, flash usage, and white balance. The users just need to point the camera, determine portrait or landscape orientation, and press the shutter. Another thing to remember in basic camera settings is program and program shift. This setting is indicated with P or Ps. Do not underestimate this setting. Program is easy step-up towards exercising more control over your camera settings. This setting is also used widely by many professionals. It is similar to Automatic but still has some differences including the exposure skewed according to the zoom of focal length of the lens used, the recommended setting of the camera can be overridden quickly and easily, and the settings are not permanent.

When you are learning basic camera settings, you should pay attention at the aperture priority. The setting is indicated with A or Av. This setting helps users to adjust the shutter speed to get proper exposure. You can find Aperture Priority is the most useful when you are controlling the depth of field or zone of apparent sharp focus. When it is closed down to a very small opening which means the larger f -number, there will be more scene appears to be in focus. If you open it wide and the smaller f -number, the zone of sharp focus can be very narrow.

Canon camera users might notice A-Dep mode. This mode has the function to calculate the nearest and farthest elements in a scene before calculating the maximum aperture and point of focus to use to get sharp focus in your picture. Next thing to remember in basic camera settings is Shutter Priority. The indication of this setting is S or Tv. Users are able to set the shutter speed according to their need and the camera will make adjustment on the aperture for proper exposure. There are some typical shutter speeds including 60 sec, 30 sec, 15 sec, and much more. These are full stop increments but more advanced cameras allow intermediate shutter speeds in ½ or 1/3 stop increments.

Basic camera settings also include Manual with M letter. It is completely DIY setting. You will need to set all settings in manual manner. The camera will guide you and give you warn if the setting will produce over or under exposure. However, it will not interfere with your chosen setting. You can also work with Bulb or B which is special shutter speed available in Manual mode only.

Using your camera can be much easier if you are using basic camera settings like preset scene modes. These modes are very convenient. To activate this mode, you just need to choose SCENE or SCN on your camera dial. It will activate the menu while displaying all modes offered. Other basic camera settings which you should learn are including Portrait, Landscape or Scenic, Close Up or Macros, and much more. Beginner might want to read the instructions available with the camera to know at least the functions of the button
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